This section describes the basic functions may required by Escalator.
This is the design phase when the upgrade plan (or upgrade campaign) is
being designed so that it can be executed automatically with minimal
service outage. It may include the following work:
1. Check the dependencies of the software modules and their impact,
backward compatibilities to figure out the appropriate upgrade method
2. Find out if a rolling upgrade could be planned with several rolling
steps to avoid any service outage due to the upgrade some
parts/services at the same time.
3. Collect the proper version files and check the integration for
4. The preparation step should produce an output (i.e. upgrade
campaign/plan), which is executable automatically in an NFV Framework
and which can be validated before execution.
- The upgrade campaign should not be referring to scalable entities
directly, but allow for adaptation to the system configuration and
state at any given moment.
- The upgrade campaign should describe the ordering of the upgrade
of different entities so that dependencies, redundancies can be
maintained during the upgrade execution
- The upgrade campaign should provide information about the
applicable recovery procedures and their ordering.
- The upgrade campaign should consider information about the
verification/testing procedures to be performed during the upgrade
so that upgrade failures can be detected as soon as possible and
the appropriate recovery procedure can be identified and applied.
- The upgrade campaign should provide information on the expected
execution time so that hanging execution can be identified
- The upgrade campaign should indicate any point in the upgrade when
coordination with the users (VNFs) is required.
.. <hujie> Depends on the attributes of the object being upgraded, the
upgrade plan may be slitted into step(s) and/or sub-plan(s), and even
more small sub-plans in design phase. The plan(s) or sub-plan(s) my
include step(s) or sub-plan(s).
Validation the upgrade plan / Checking the pre-requisites of System( offline / online)
The upgrade plan should be validated before the execution by testing
it in a test environment which is similar to the product environment.
.. <MT> However it could also mean that we can identify some properties
that it should satisfy e.g. what operations can or cannot be executed
simultaneously like never take out two VMs of the same VNF.
.. <MT> Another question is if it requires that the system is in a particular
state when the upgrade is applied. I.e. if there's certain amount of
redundancy in the system, migration is enabled for VMs, when the NFVI
is upgraded the VIM is healthy, when the VIM is upgraded the NFVI is
.. <MT> I'm not sure what online validation means: Is it the validation of the
upgrade plan/campaign or the validation of the system that it is in a
state that the upgrade can be performed without too much risk?==
Before the upgrade plan being executed, the system healthy of the
online product environment should be checked and confirmed to satisfy
the requirements which were described in the upgrade plan. The
sysinfo, e.g. which included system alarms, performance statistics and
diagnostic logs, will be collected and analogized. It is required to
resolve all of the system faults or exclude the unhealthy part before
executing the upgrade plan.
For avoid loss of data when a unsuccessful upgrade was encountered, the
data should be back-upped and the system state snapshot should be taken
before the execution of upgrade plan. This would be considered in the
Several backups/Snapshots may be generated and stored before the single
steps of changes. The following data/files are required to be
1. running version files for each node.
2. system components' configuration file and database.
3. image and storage, if it is necessary.
.. <MT> Does 3 imply VNF image and storage? I.e. VNF state and data?==
.. <hujie> The following text is derived from previous "4. Negotiate
with the VNF if it's ready for the upgrade"
Although the upper layer, which include VNFs and VNFMs, is out of the
scope of Escalator, but it is still recommended to let it ready for a
smooth system upgrade. The escalator could not guarantee the safe of
VNFs. The upper layer should have some safe guard mechanism in design,
and ready for avoiding failure in system upgrade.
The execution of upgrade plan should be a dynamical procedure which is
controlled by Escalator.
.. <hujie> Revised text to be general.==
1. It is required to supporting execution ether in sequence or in
2. It is required to check the result of the execution and take the
action according the situation and the policies in the upgrade plan.
3. It is required to execute properly on various configurations of
system object. I.e. stand-alone, HA, etc.
4. It is required to execute on the designated different parts of the
system. I.e. physical server, virtualized server, rack, chassis,
cluster, even different geographical places.
The testing after upgrade the whole system or parts of system to make
sure the upgraded system(object) is working normally.
.. <hujie> Revised text to be general.
1. It is recommended to run the prepared test cases to see if the
functionalities are available without any problem.
2. It is recommended to check the sysinfo, e.g. system alarms,
performance statistics and diagnostic logs to see if there are any
When upgrade is failure unfortunately, a quick system restore or system
roll-back should be taken to recovery the system and the services.
.. <hujie> Revised text to be general.
1. It is recommend to support system restore from backup when upgrade
2. It is recommend to support graceful roll-back with reverse order
steps if possible.
Escalator should continually monitor the process of upgrade. It is
keeping update status of each module, each node, each cluster into a
status table during upgrade.
.. <hujie> Revised text to be general.
1. It is required to collect the status of every objects being upgraded
and sending abnormal alarms during the upgrade.
2. It is recommend to reuse the existing monitoring system, like alarm.
3. It is recommend to support pro-actively query.
4. It is recommend to support passively wait for notification.
**Two possible ways for monitoring:**
**Pro-Actively Query** requires NFVI/VIM provides proper API or CLI
interface. If Escalator serves as a service, it should pass on these
**Passively Wait for Notification** requires Escalator provides
callback interface, which could be used by NFVI/VIM systems or upgrade
agent to send back notification.
.. <hujie> I am not sure why not to subscribe the notification.
Record the information generated by escalator into log files. The log
file is used for manual diagnostic of exceptions.
1. It is required to support logging.
2. It is recommended to include time stamp, object id, action name,
error code, etc.
Administrative Control (online)
Administrative Control is used for control the privilege to start any
escalator's actions for avoiding unauthorized operations.
#. It is required to support administrative control mechanism
#. It is recommend to reuse the system's own secure system.
#. It is required to avoid conflicts when the system's own secure system
Requirements on Object being upgraded
.. <hujie> We can develop BPs in future from requirements of this section and
gap analysis for upper stream projects
Escalator focus on smooth upgrade. In practical implementation, it
might be combined with installer/deplorer, or act as an independent
tool/service. In either way, it requires targeting systems(NFVI and
VIM) are developed/deployed in a way that Escalator could perform
upgrade on them.
On NFVI system, live-migration is likely used to maintain availability
because OPNFV would like to make HA transparent from end user. This
requires VIM system being able to put compute node into maintenance mode
and then isolated from normal service. Otherwise, new NFVI instances
might risk at being schedule into the upgrading node.
On VIM system, availability is likely achieved by redundancy. This
impose less requirements on system/services being upgrade (see PVA
comments in early version). However, there should be a way to put the
target system into standby mode. Because starting upgrade on the
master node in a cluster is likely a bad idea.
.. <hujie>Revised text to be general.
1. It is required for NFVI/VIM to support **service handover** mechanism
that minimize interruption to 0.001%(i.e. 99.999% service
availability). Possible implementations are live-migration, redundant
deployment, etc, (Note: for VIM, interruption could be less
2. It is required for NFVI/VIM to restore the early version in a efficient
way, such as **snapshot**.
3. It is required for NFVI/VIM to **migration data** efficiently between
base and upgraded system.
4. It is recommend for NFV/VIM's interface to support upgrade
orchestration, e.g. reading/setting system state.