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+Introduction
+============
+
+The goal of Software Fastpath service Quality Metrics (SFQM) is to
+develop the utilities and libraries in `DPDK`_ to support:
+
+* Measuring Telco Traffic and Performance KPIs. Including:
+
+ * Packet Delay Variation (by enabling TX and RX time stamping).
+ * Packet loss (by exposing extended NIC stats).
+
+* Performance Monitoring of the DPDK interfaces (by exposing
+ extended NIC stats + collectd Plugin).
+* Detecting and reporting violations that can be consumed by VNFs
+ and higher level management systems (through DPDK Keep Alive).
+
+After all **the ability to measure and enforce Telco KPIs (Service
+assurance) in the data-plane will be mandatory for any Telco grade NFVI
+implementation**.
+
+All developed features will be upstreamed to `DPDK`_ or other Open
+Source projects relevant to telemetry such as `collectd`_ and fault
+management such as `Monasca`_ and/or `Ceilometer`_.
+
+The OPNFV project wiki can be found @ `SFQM`_
+
+Problem Statement
+==================
+The OPNFV platform (NFVI) requires functionality to:
+
+* Create a low latency, high performance packet processing path (fast path)
+ through the NFVI that VNFs can take advantage of;
+* Measure Telco Traffic and Performance KPIs through that fast path;
+* Detect and report violations that can be consumed by VNFs and higher level
+ EMS/OSS systems
+
+Examples of local measurable QoS factors for Traffic Monitoring which impact
+both Quality of Experience and 5’9s availability would be (using Metro Ethernet
+Forum Guidelines as reference):
+
+* Packet loss
+* Packet Delay Variation
+* Uni-directional frame delay
+
+Other KPIs such as Call drops, Call Setup Success Rate, Call Setup time etc. are
+measured by the VNF.
+
+In addition to Traffic Monitoring, the NFVI must also support Performance
+Monitoring of the physical interfaces themselves (e.g. NICs), i.e. an ability to
+monitor and trace errors on the physical interfaces and report them.
+
+All these traffic statistics for Traffic and Performance Monitoring must be
+measured in-service and must be capable of being reported by standard Telco
+mechanisms (e.g. SNMP traps), for potential enforcement actions.
+
+Scope
+======
+The output of the project will provide interfaces and functions to support
+monitoring of Packet Latency and Network Interfaces while the VNF is in service.
+
+The DPDK interface/API will be updated to support:
+
+* Exposure of NIC MAC/PHY Level Counters
+* Interface for Time stamp on RX
+* Interface for Time stamp on TX
+
+Specific testing and integration will be carried out to cover:
+
+* Unit/Integration Test plans: A sample application provided to demonstrate packet
+ latency monitoring and interface monitoring
+
+The following list of features and functionality will be developed:
+
+* DPDK APIs and functions for latency and interface monitoring
+* A sample application to demonstrate usage
+
+The scope of the project is limited to the DPDK APIs and a sample application to
+demonstrate usage.
+
+.. Figure:: telcokpis_update.png
+
+ Architecture overview (showing provided functionality in green)
+
+In the figure above, the interfaces 1, 2, 3 are implemented along with a sample
+application. The sample application will support monitoring of NIC
+counters/status and will also support measurement of packet latency using DPDK
+provided interfaces.
+
+VNF specific processing, Traffic Monitoring, Performance Monitoring and
+Management Agent are out of scope. The scope is limited to Intel 10G Niantic
+support.
+
+The Proposed MAC/PHY Interface Counters include:
+
+* Packet RX
+* Packet TX
+* Packet loss
+* Interface errors + other stats
+
+The Proposed Packet Latency Monitor include:
+
+* Cycle accurate ‘stamping’ on ingress
+* Supports latency measurements on egress
+
+Support for additional types of Network Interfaces can be added in the future.
+
+Support for failover of DPDK enabled cores is also out of scope of the current
+proposal. However, this is an important requirement and must-have functionality
+for any DPDK enabled framework in the NFVI. To that end, a second phase of this
+project will be to implement DPDK “Keep Alive” functionality that would address
+this and would report to a VNF-level Failover and High Availability mechanism
+that would then determine what actions, including failover, may be triggered.
+
+Consumption Models
+===================
+Fig 1.1 shows how a sample application will be provided to demonstrate
+usage. In reality many VNFs will have an existing performance or traffic
+monitoring utility used to monitor VNF behavior and report statistics, counters,
+etc.
+
+To consume the performance and traffic related information provided within the
+scope of this project should in most cases be a logical extension of any
+existing VNF performance or traffic monitoring utility, in most cases it should
+not require a new utility to be developed. We do not see the Software Fastpath
+Service Quality Metrics data as major additional effort for VNFs to consume,
+this project would be sympathetic to existing VNF architecture constructs. The
+intention is that this project represents a lower level interface for network
+interface monitoring to be used by higher level fault management entities (see
+below).
+
+Allowing the Software Fastpath Service Quality Metrics data to be handled within
+existing VNF performance or traffic monitoring utilities also makes it simpler
+for overall interfacing with higher level management components in the VIM, MANO
+and OSS/BSS. The Software Fastpath Service Quality Metrics proposal would be
+complementary to the Fault Management and Maintenance project proposal
+(“Doctor”) which is also in flight, which addresses NFVI Fault Management
+support in the VIM. To that end, the project committers and contributors for the
+Software Fastpath Service Quality Metrics project wish to work in sync with the
+“Doctor” project – to facilitate this, one of the “Doctor” contributors has also
+been added as a contributor to the Software Fastpath Service Quality Metrics
+project.
+
+.. _SFQM: https://wiki.opnfv.org/collaborative_development_projects/opnfv_telco_kpi_monitoring
+.. _DPDK: http://dpdk.org/
+.. _collectd: http://collectd.org/
+.. _Monasca: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Monasca
+.. _Ceilometer: https://wiki.openstack.org/wiki/Telemetry